Volume 13, Number 2 (5-2016)                   ioh 2016, 13(2): 29-38 | Back to browse issues page


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Salehifar D, Lotfi R. NEEDLE STICK AND SHARPS INJURIES AND ITS RISK FACTORS AMONG HEALTH CARE PROVIDERS OF A UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL. ioh. 2016; 13 (2) :29-38
URL: http://ioh.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1569-en.html

Assistant Professor Social determinants of health research center,Alborz university of medical sciences, Karaj, Iran , lotfi_razieh@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (1639 Views)

Background and aims: Blood borne diseases are still one of the major sources of nosocomial infections and are large concern of health personnel because of extension of HIV infection and also transmission of Hepatitis B and C. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence and risk factors of needle stick and sharps injuries among personnel of a university hospital.

 Methods: In this cross sectional study, a total of 168 nurses, midwives, physicians, laboratory technicians, operation technicians, nurse aids, and anesthesia personnel, involved in the direct management and care of patients answered to questions about occurrence of needle stick and sharps injuries and some potential risk factors. The questionnaire including personal and occupational characteristics was assessed for validity and reliability.

Results: The rate of needle stick injury was 1.4 per person in a year. 42.9% of personnel had at least one needle stick injury in the last year. About 71 % of the participants had an experience of needle stick injuries and only 29% of these had not any injury from needle stick duration entire work career. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that the most important risk factor for needle stick injuries was re-capping needles, (OR: 2.5, 95% CI 1.5- 4.8).

Conclusion: The rate of needle stick injuries is fairly high among health care personnel and there are concerns about transmission of blood borne diseases. Recapping needles is performing by many personnel. Besides the proper educations, it needs to provide safety devices to reduce such injuries.

Full-Text [PDF 555 kb]   (660 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Occupational Diseases
Received: 2015/07/27 | Accepted: 2016/02/16 | Published: 2016/07/19

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