Volume 14, Number 3 (7-2017)                   ioh 2017, 14(3): 128-137 | Back to browse issues page


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Relationship between Psychological Factors and Musculoskeletal Pains with Demographic Variables in Hospital Staff . ioh. 2017; 14 (3) :128-137
URL: http://ioh.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1761-en.html

Abstract:   (394 Views)

Background and aims: The work-related musculoskeletal injuries are important factors to hurt staff health. Many people suffer from work-related impairment and disability that create high costs for both employees and employers. There are various reasons to obvious musculoskeletal pains and psychological factors can be one of them. The main purpose of present study was to investigate the relationship between psychological factors and musculoskeletal pains with respect to demographical variables in hospital staff.

Methods: This descriptive –analytical study consisted 264 out of 800 total population of staff who were randomly selected. 1.Demographical, 2.stress, 3.cognitive abilities and 4.Music questionnaires were used for data collection. The reliability and validity of questionnaires were fit with research purpose. Descriptive and inferential statistics (t and F tests) were employed for data analysis.

Results: There were significant differences between staff cognitive abilities and job stress with respect to their musculoskeletal pains in back and neck but there were not found significant differences between staff cognitive abilities with their shoulders pain. There were significant differences between staff job stress and demographical variables (gender(P=0.01), marital status(P=0.05) and education(P=0.02)) and there were not found significant differences with their cognitive abilities.

Discussion and Conclusion: In general, it can be concluded that some employees such as nurses suffer from job stress and musculoskeletal pains who have cognitive abilities in the level of average and lower. Conversely, those people who have flexible thinking ability can utilize alternative explanation, reconstruct frame of their thoughts positively and accept challenging situations or stressful events. They are more resilience in comparison with people who are not flexible.their shoulders pain. There were significant differences between staff job stress and demographical variables (gender, marital status and education) and there were not found significant differences with their cognitive abilities.

 Conclusion: In general, it can be concluded that some employees such as nurses suffer from job stress and musculoskeletal pains who have cognitive abilities in the level of average and lower. Conversely, those people who have flexible thinking ability can utilize alternative explanation, reconstruct frame of their thoughts positively and accept challenging situations or stressful events. They are more resilience in comparison with people who are not flexible.

     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Ergonomics
Received: 2016/03/11 | Accepted: 2016/11/7 | Published: 2017/07/11

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