Volume 15, Issue 1 (5-2018)                   ioh 2018, 15(1): 76-85 | Back to browse issues page

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Research Center for Environmental Health Technology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. , mohsendowlati.69@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1700 Views)
Abstract
Background and aims: Disasters and events including natural and man-made disasters cause several harmful consequences in society. Health sector has an essential role in reducing deaths and injuries during disasters. Therefore, the present study was performed to study disaster safety and risk assessment in health facilities of Iran University of Medical Sciences in functional, non structural & structural components in 2015-2016.
Methods: This study is cross-sectional. To conduct the study, we used Disaster Risk Assessment in Primary Health Care Facilities Guidelines and forms of recognition threatening risks, functional preparedness assessment tool, non-structural & structural vulnerability assessment tool in 214 health units covered by Iran University of Medical Sciences. After summing up the results of all centers, safety level, vulnerability and preparedness for centers were calculated as percentage.
Results: Based on the results functional preparedness level in health centers for Iran University of Medical Sciences is 23%, safety of non-structural, structural elements and total safety are 27, 20 and 22 %, respectively. Also, safety level index in disaster 3 form 10 was estimated.
Conclusion: According to the results current situation of disaster preparedness centers is far from the favorable level. This condition is caused by lack of coherent organization for disaster risk management, lack of sufficient funds and knowledge of this context. As a result, appropriate measures in disaster risk management, especially in increasing the understanding of disaster risk at the community and authorities level should be done.
 
Keywords: Disasters, Safety, Risk, Preparedness.
 
Full-Text [PDF 293 kb]   (508 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Safety
Received: 2017/01/30 | Accepted: 2017/07/4 | Published: 2018/04/29