Volume 19, Issue 1 (2022)                   ioh 2022, 19(1): 138-150 | Back to browse issues page

Research code: 98-4-1-16679
Ethics code: IR.IUMS.REC.1398.1120
Clinical trials code: -

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Solhi M, Ebadi Fard Azar F, Ahmadi Z, Rasouli M. Relationship between health literacy and self-care for prevention of high blood pressure among firefighters in Tehran in 1398. ioh. 2022; 19 (1) :138-150
URL: http://ioh.iums.ac.ir/article-1-3229-en.html
School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , t.ahmadi1336@gmail.com
Abstract:   (209 Views)
Background and aims: The difficult tasks of firefighters' operational personnel, can determine the risk of hypertension and other acute cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between health literacy and self-care of hypertension among firefighters in Tehran.
Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study, which conducted in among 360 male firefighters, age of 18-60 years, working in the Tehran Fire Department in year 2019 was performed by two-stage sampling method in cluster and simple random. Data collection instruments were a demographic questionnaire together with the Standard Iranian Health Literacy in Adult questionnaire and the self-care checklist for hypertension. Data were analyzed in SPSS (version 22) using descriptive methods and, analytical tests.
Results: 57.5% of people were in the age group of 30-40. The mean score of health literacy was 73.96 with a standard deviation of 3.8. The highest mean score of health literacy was related to information perception and the lowest average score was related to reading skills. Among study sample, 44.2% had “good” and 26.7% had” very good” health literacy. Also, the mean score of self-care behaviors was 19.23 with a standard deviation of 3.4. About 14.4% of employees had a mean score of good self-care. There was a direct and significant correlation between health literacy and self-care of 0/360 (p <0.0001
Conclusion: Health literacy and self-care behaviors were found to be not satisfactory. There was a significant positive correlation between health literacy and self-care. Therefore, it is necessary to design an appropriate intervention.
Article number: 9
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Health Education
Received: 2021/04/28 | Accepted: 2022/01/3 | Published: 2022/05/15

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