Volume 12, Issue 5 (11-2015)                   ioh 2015, 12(5): 75-82 | Back to browse issues page

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Shirali G, Yarahmadi R, Kazemi. Fire risk assessment by Engineering Approach and Applied strategies for fire protection. ioh. 2015; 12 (5) :75-82
URL: http://ioh.iums.ac.ir/article-1-1394-en.html
, kazemie187@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (4234 Views)

Background and aims From the 70s onwards, safety engineering made significant progress in developing techniques and regulations relating to the fire. The first, this methods was considered after happening accidents to prevent similar accidents. But with the advancement of technology, the prediction and prevention of fire in complex industries such as power plant finds Important. This study is done to determine the risk of fire in the control room of a power plant and proposed effective strategies to fire prevention. 

 Methods: In this study, based on fire risk assessment methods for engineers, computational package was prepared by EXCEL software. Next to the building and contents, residents and activities in the plant control room, risk assessment calculations were carried out separately. At the end based of FRAME pattern, proposed appropriate control measures.

 Results: The results showed that the risk of fire for building and contents is 1.02, residents 20.6 and activity is 0.5. According to the acceptable level of risk in the method, only the risk of fire in activities within the acceptable range. The results showed that in case of fire, the expected damage to buildings is 10-20 percent. The fire risk for residents is required to take preventive measures to reduce the level of risk.

Conclusion: The results showed that the FRAME method, in addition to risk assessment can determine the strengths and weaknesses of existing systems and will provide appropriate control measures to prevent fires in buildings built.

Full-Text [PDF 365 kb]   (1483 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Assessment and risk management
Received: 2015/02/5 | Accepted: 2015/07/26 | Published: 2015/12/16

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