Volume 6, Issue 1 (spring 2009)                   ioh 2009, 6(1): 15-21 | Back to browse issues page

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Jahangiri M, Motovagheh M, Khavvaj S. Investigation of effective factors on risk perception and proper use of respirators in a petrochemical industry. ioh. 2009; 6 (1) :15-21
URL: http://ioh.iums.ac.ir/article-1-169-en.html
, mhjahangiri@razi.tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (11365 Views)

Background and aims

Respirators are widely employed as the only measure against respiratory hazards. However, it is well known that unless workers wear respiratory continuously

and properly, its efficacy will be very low. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk  perception and effective factors on proper use of respirators among workers exposed to chemical  containments in a petrochemical industry.


In this cross-sectional study a structural questionnaire was administrated to 81 randomly selected workers in a petrochemical industry and collected data were analyzed by SPSS  package with descriptive statistics and Chi-Square test.


This study showed that only 8.6% of employees claimed to wear respiratory protectors all the time when they exposed to chemicals. The most common cause for not always wearing  respirators was being uncomfortable. In this study there was a significant relationship between use of respirators and worker's risk

perception (p < 0.05). While the relationship between worker's risk perception and Proper Use of  Respirator Index (PURI) wasn't statistically significant (p> 0.05). Also the relationship between  age and experience with use of respirators wasn't statistically significant (p> 0.05).


The results of the study showed that for promoting the proper use of respirators , the company should remove the barriers to compliance respirators by workers (Such as their  uncomfortably) and promote the workers' risk perception about respiratory hazard and also  training workers about effective factors of proper use of respirators. To achieve these purposes, implementing of Respiratory Protection Program (RPP) was suggested to the company.

Full-Text [PDF 290 kb]   (3752 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Safety
Received: 2009/10/26 | Published: 2009/04/15

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