Volume 19, Issue 1 (2022)                   ioh 2022, 19(1): 215-227 | Back to browse issues page

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Department of Psychology, Shahid Bahonar University, Kerman,Iran , purehsan@uk.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1152 Views)
The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between economic resilience and age and psychological well-being with the mediating role of optimism in COVID-19 epidemic in small and medium-sized businesses. The methodology was correlational using structural equations. To this end, 230 people with small businesses in Kerman were selected using purposeful non-random sampling method. They answered the questionnaires of economic resilience, optimism, and psychological well-being. The data were analyzed by path analysis using Amos and SPSS. The findings showed that economic resilience not only directly affected psychological well-being, but it also indirectly affects peoplechr('39')s psychological well-being in COVID-19 epidemic through influencing optimism. Moreover, it was found that age had an indirect effect on psychological well-being and the model had a good fit. According to the findings, it can be concluded that in the situation of COVID-19 epidemic, optimism plays a mediating role in the relationship between economic resilience, age, and psychological well-being.
Article number: 14
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Organizational Psychology
Received: 2021/09/2 | Accepted: 2022/03/12 | Published: 2022/03/21

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