Volume 7, Issue 3 (fall 2010)                   ioh 2010, 7(3): 37-47 | Back to browse issues page

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S.Naeini H, Jafari H, Salehi E, Mirlouhi Falavarjani A. Child safety in parks' playgrounds (a case study in Tehran’s sub-district parks). ioh. 2010; 7 (3) :37-47
URL: http://ioh.iums.ac.ir/article-1-322-en.html
, naeini@iust.ac.ir
Abstract:   (13648 Views)

Background and aims

Safety is a complex concept and multidisciplinary science which is included some difference areas from industrial sectors to urban public arenas. Parks and playgrounds as important public places should be considered in terms of health and safety, especially for kids as prominent social vulnerable citizens. According to CPSC, 147 deaths havebeen reported for under 15 year old child during Jan 1990 to Aug 2000. Every 2.5 minute, kid suffers playground related accident. The main objective in this study is safety assessment ofplaygrounds among the selected parks.

Methods

In this case study, deductive approach and cross-sectional survey was followed, and some parks and playgrounds were selected among five urban counties in Tehran. Our volunteered samples were 160 parents. Playgrounds and related equipment were assessed in terms of safety, as well.

Results

Our findings show that more than 68% of playground equipment might create hazardous condition for kids. Lack of sustain maintenance for both of equipment and playground surface make some risky area for the mentioned group. Statistical analysis by SPSSWin 13 showed that more than 78 % of parents are worry about their child in terms of playground safety

problems. Safety assessment of swings and slides showed that there are safety based problems in 89% of cases. Due to statistical reports of Tehran Emergency center, 10-12 and 8-10 year old kids suffer play based accident more than others. Reported traumas showed that face and skull and then feet suffered mechanical injury more than other limbs.

Conclusion

Surely, safety and health considerations are known as Municipality responsibilities, so for safety improvement in parks an integration safety system should be happened. HSE_MS seems a reliable approach for the mention goal. For improvement of exist parks and playground some related standard should be follows such as CPSC standards, EN 1176, and EN 1177. Also anthropometric data development for child should be considered.

Keywords: Playground, child, safety, park
Full-Text [PDF 377 kb]   (4629 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Micro Ergonomics
Received: 2010/09/21 | Published: 2010/10/15

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