Volume 9, Issue 1 (2012)                   ioh 2012, 9(1): 9-16 | Back to browse issues page

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Mahdinia M, Yarahmadi R, Jafari M J, Koohpaei A R. Presentation of a software method for use of Risk assessment in Building Fire Safety Measure Optimization . ioh 2012; 9 (1) :9-16
URL: http://ioh.iums.ac.ir/article-1-704-en.html
Occupational health research center ,Faculty of Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences ,Tehran, Iran , r-yarahmadi@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (13094 Views)

  Background and aims: The property loss and physical injuries due to fire events in buildings demonstrate the necessity of implementation of efficient and performance based fire safety measures. Effective and high efficiency protection is possible when design and selection of protection measures are based on risk assessment. This study aims at presenting a software method to make possible selection and design of building fire safety measures based upon quantitative risk assessment and building characteristics.

  Methods: based on “Fire Risk Assessment Method for Engineer (FRAME)” a program in MATLB software was written. The first section of this program, according to the FRAME method and based on the specification of a building, calculates the potential risk and acceptable risk level. In the second section, according to potential risk, acceptable risk level and the fire risk level that user want, program calculate concession of protective factor for that building. 

  Results: The prepared software make it possible to assign the fire safety measure based on quantitative risk level and all building specifications. All calculations were performed with 0.001 of precision and the accuracy of this software was assessed with handmade calculations. During the use of the software if an error occurs in calculations, it can be distinguished in the output.

  Conclusion: Application of quantitative risk assessment is a suitable tool for increasing of efficiency in designing and execution of fire protection measure in building. With using this software the selected fire safety measure would be more efficient and suitable since the selection of fire safety measures performed on risk assessment and particular specification of a building. Moreover fire risk in the building can be managed easily and carefully.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Safety
Received: 2012/05/20 | Accepted: 2013/02/16 | Published: 2013/02/16

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